A man holding both of his hands over his groin.

Detecting Bladder Cancer Early

Unveiling the Top 5 Warning Signs

What Are the 5 Warning Signs of Bladder Cancer?

Bladder cancer is a condition that affects thousands of individuals worldwide, making it crucial to raise awareness about its warning signs and early detection. This form of cancer originates in the tissues of the bladder, a vital organ responsible for storing urine before it is expelled from the body.  By understanding these signs, you can be proactive about your health, potentially catching bladder cancer in its early stages and increasing the likelihood of successful treatment like PADCEV, which helps treat advanced bladder cancer and cancers of the urinary tract (renal pelvis, ureter or urethra).

Top 5 Warning Signs of Bladder Cancer

1. Blood in the Urine

Blood in the urine, known as hematuria, is one of the most common warning signs of bladder cancer. Hematuria can be classified into two types: gross hematuria and microscopic hematuria.

Gross hematuria refers to visible blood in the urine, which may appear pink, red or dark brown. Microscopic hematuria, on the other hand, is not visible to the naked eye but can be detected through laboratory tests.

While hematuria is a significant indicator of bladder cancer, it can also be caused by other noncancerous conditions. Urinary tract infections, kidney stones, urinary tract injuries and certain medications can also lead to blood in the urine. However, it is important not to dismiss hematuria, as it should always be evaluated by a healthcare professional to rule out the possibility of bladder cancer.

2. Urinary Changes

Changes in urinary patterns can be another warning sign of bladder cancer. These changes may manifest as alterations in urination frequency, urgency or the overall flow of urine.

It's important to pay attention to any significant changes you notice in your urinary habits, as they may indicate an underlying issue, including bladder cancer.

Urinary changes can occur due to various factors, including lifestyle and dietary choices. And they can also be associated with bladder cancer. Bladder tumors can obstruct the normal flow of urine, leading to changes such as increased frequency of urination, a sudden urgent need to urinate or difficulty starting or stopping the flow of urine. These changes are often persistent and may worsen over time.

3. Pain During Urination

Experiencing pain or discomfort during urination, known as dysuria, can be a significant warning sign of bladder cancer. Dysuria is characterized by a burning sensation, stinging or sharp pain in the urethra or bladder during urination. Pay attention to any persistent or worsening pain during urination, as it may indicate an underlying problem, including bladder cancer.

While dysuria can be caused by several factors unrelated to cancer, such as urinary tract infections or kidney stones, it is essential to consider the possibility of bladder cancer when experiencing this symptom.

Bladder cancer can cause inflammation or irritation of the bladder lining, leading to pain and discomfort during urination. Other factors, including bladder muscle spasms or obstructions caused by tumors, can also contribute to dysuria.

4. Pelvic Pain or Lower Back Pain

Experiencing pelvic pain or lower back pain can sometimes be associated with bladder cancer. Pelvic pain refers to discomfort or aching sensations in the lower abdomen, between the hip bones or in the area surrounding the bladder.

Lower back pain, on the other hand, refers to pain or discomfort in the region below the ribs and above the hips. If you notice persistent or unexplained pelvic or lower back pain, it is essential to consider it as a potential warning sign of bladder cancer.

Various factors, including muscle strains, infections or gynecological conditions, can cause pelvic pain and lower back pain. However, they can also be related to bladder cancer.

As bladder tumors grow, they can cause pressure or irritation on nearby organs and tissues, leading to pelvic or lower back pain. Additionally, if the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes or other areas, it may contribute to discomfort in the lower back.

5. Loss of appetite

Loss of appetite is one of the possible symptoms of bladder cancer. It means that you have less desire or interest in eating than usual. Many factors, such as stress, depression, infection or medication, can cause loss of appetite.

However, if you experience loss of appetite and other signs of bladder cancer, such as blood in the urine, pain or burning during urination, frequent or urgent urination or lower back pain. You should see your doctor as soon as possible. Bladder cancer is a serious condition that can be treated more effectively if detected early.


PADCEV is a brand name for enfortumab vedotin-ejfv, a prescription medicine used to treat adults with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial cancer. Urothelial cancer is a type of cancer that affects the urinary system, including the bladder and other parts of the urinary tract.

Indicators of Bladder Cancer

Seeking medical attention is of utmost importance regarding the five warning signs of bladder cancer. While the symptoms discussed in this blog post can also indicate other conditions, it is crucial not to dismiss or ignore them.

Timely diagnosis and intervention can significantly improve the chances of successful treatment and positive outcomes. By consulting a healthcare professional, you can undergo appropriate tests and examinations to determine the underlying cause of your symptoms.

Whether it’s bladder cancer or another health issue, early detection allows early intervention and appropriate treatment strategies. Remember, your health is invaluable, and seeking medical attention is a proactive step toward ensuring your well-being.

In Conclusion

Like any cancer, bladder cancer can be easier to treat when detected at an early stage. Therefore, understanding the warning signs associated with this condition is essential for timely diagnosis and intervention.

This blog post will explore the top five warning signs of bladder cancer, providing valuable information to help you recognize potential symptoms and take appropriate action. Awareness of these warning signs can improve your chances of receiving prompt medical attention and the necessary treatment.

It is important to note that experiencing one or more warning signs does not necessarily mean you have bladder cancer. However, if you do notice any of these symptoms, it is essential to consult a healthcare professional to determine the underlying cause and receive appropriate medical advice.

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